It may seem inconceivable to some but cats are prone to stress just like people. They can't verbalise how they are feeling the way we can and often suffer in silence or are labelled naughty or antisocial cats for their stress related behaviour.
Known as pinnae, the outer (visible) part of the cat's ear is susceptible to developing thickening, crusting and scaling. Medically it is known as ear edge dermatitis or ear margin dermatitis.
There are a number of causes of crusty, scaly ears in cats. Parasites, allergies, sunburn, and systemic disorders to name a few. Crusty ear margins may be the only symptom your cat has, or you may notice other signs.
It is well known that hunting has a huge impact on local flora but not only do cats pose a risk to wildlife, wildlife pose a risk to animals from injury and infection. There are a number of diseases which cats can catch from eating infected prey, many of which are parasitic and rely on an 'intermediate host' to pass on infection. Worms, flukes, bacteria, viruses and protozoa are all able to cause infection in cats from hunting and eating their prey.
Feline ischemic encephalopathy (FIE) is a neurological disorder caused by parasitic infection of the Cuterebra larvae which are located in North America, South America, and Canada. There are 12 species of Cuterebra Cuterebra and 22 subspecies of Cuterebra Trypoderma. Cuterebra Cuterebra are parasites of rabbits (lagomorphs) and Cuterebra Trypoderma are parasites of rodents.
It is ironic that the trait which lead to humans domesticating cats is now one which most cat owners dislike. Cats were first domesticated almost 10,000 years ago. They played an important symbiotic role in protecting stored grains from mice.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (known as the meninges). The central nervous system (CNS) comprises of the meninges, the brain, and the spinal cord. Any of these can become inflamed if the brain is affected it is known as encephalitis if the spinal cord is affected it is myelitis. One of a combination can become affected.
Cyanosis is the visible blueness to skin and mucous membranes which is due to hypoxia (low levels of oxygen in the blood). It is not a disease itself but a sign of an underlying disorder which has resulted in low blood oxygen saturation which leads to increased levels of deoxygenated hemoglobin in the bloodstream.
Cyanosis occurs either as a result of the heart not working effectively enough to circulate blood around the body, the lungs not being able to deliver oxygen to the blood or ingestion of certain toxins which leads to the abnormal form of hemoglobin which is unable to bond to oxygen properly.
Medically known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), dry eye syndrome (DES) is a condition characterised by insufficient watery tears reaching the surface of the eye which leads to dryness of the cornea and the conjunctiva. As a result, they become irritated and inflamed due to the lack of lubrication and moisture.
Also known as glycogenosis or dextrinosis, glycogen storage disease (GSD) are a group of rare genetic disorders characterised by an inability to metabolise glycogen, which is the stored form of sugar in the body. These diseases are known to affect cats, horses, and humans.
Multiple myeloma (MM), or plasma cell myeloma is a rare type of cancer caused by the proliferation of B cell lymphocytes (known as plasma cells) a type of blood cell responsible for the production of antibodies. The condition is derived by a clonal population of cells, which have all descended from one single plasma cell, and all have exactly the genetic make-up. As the cancerous cells multiply they take up room in the bone marrow, where there is no longer space to produce normal blood cells.