Also known as peptic ulcers, gastric ulcers are lesions (open sores) that develop in the deeper layers of the stomach lining or duodenum (the first part of the small intestine leading out of the stomach) due to exposure to the stomach acid (hydrochloric acid) and digestive enzymes which are required for the digestion of food.
Can a litter of kittens have multiple fathers?
Yes, this is entirely possible. A queen is in heat (known as estrus) for approximately between 1 - 4 days, during this period she will mate several times, and potentially with several different males.
What is hip dysplasia?
Hip dysplasia (HD) is a painful condition caused by a malformation of the hip joint. Normally the ball of the femur (the round head at the top of the thigh bone) fits snugly into the socket of the hip (acetabulum), the teres ligament as well as large muscles hold the joint in place.
Your cat's tail is an extension of his spine but is naturally more flexible. It is used to help your cat balance as well as a way for your cat to communicate to others. Also known as 'caudectomy', tail amputation refers to the surgical removal of the cat's tail. This type of surgery is performed quite often on dogs and cats.
How many bones does a cat have?
The average cat has between 240 - 245 in its body, this may vary a fraction as some cats have slightly more or less bones in their tail and/or additional toes. Male cats also have a bone in their penis.
Medically known as thrombocytopenia, low platelets (PLT) is a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Normal platelet levels should be around 200,000 µL (microlitre).
Also known as rabbit fever, tularemia is a rare bacterial infection caused by Francisella tularensis. It is of particular significance due to it being a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be passed on to humans and its potential to be used as a biological weapon.
Also known as bobcat fever, cytauxzoonosis is a serious and often fatal parasitic infection caused by the protazoal organism Cytauzoon felis. Its natural host is the bobcat (Lynx rufus), who harbour the parasite with mild or subclinical effects. Ticks are responsible for transmitting infection to domesticated cats.
Ticks are small ectoparasites, meaning they live on the outside of their host, and are members of the arachnid family (spiders and mites are also members of this family). There are over 800 species of tick and their distribution is worldwide. Australia has around 70 species of tick. There are several diseases cats can pick up from tick bites which we will cover below.