Cyanosis is the visible blueness to skin and mucus membranes which is due to hypoxia (low levels of oxygen in the blood). It is not a disease itself but a sign of an underlying disorder which has resulted in low blood oxygen saturation which leads to increased levels of deoxygenated hemoglobin in the bloodstream.
Cyanosis occurs either as a result of the heart not working effectively enough to circulate blood around the body, the lungs not being able to deliver oxygen to the blood or ingestion of certain toxins which leads to the abnormal form of hemoglobin which is unable to bond to oxygen properly.
Medically known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), dry eye syndrome (DES) is a condition characterised by insufficient watery tears reaching the surface of the eye which leads to dryness of the cornea and the conjunctiva. As a result, they become irritated and inflamed due to the lack of lubrication and moisture.
Multiple myeloma (MM), or plasma cell myeloma is a rare type of cancer caused by the proliferation of B cell lymphocytes (known as plasma cells) a type of blood cell responsible for the production of antibodies. The condition is derived by a clonal population of cells, which have all descended from one single plasma cell, and all have exactly the genetic make up. As the cancerous cells multiply they take up room in the bone marrow, where there is no longer space to produce normal blood cells.
Heinz body anemia is a type of anemia (reduced number of oxygen carrying red blood cells) characterised by the presence of Heinz bodies (HB) on the red blood cell which leads to its destruction (known as hemolysis).
Medically known as tachypnea, rapid breathing is a respiratory disorder characterised by abnormal breathing that is rapid and shallow. It is caused by a reduced level of oxygen, mechanical disorders (where the lungs aren't able to expand as they should, usually due to a build up of fluid in or around the lungs), and physiological disorders in which the cat's respiratory centre in the brain is over stimulated.
Fleas are the most common external parasite to affect cats. There are many species of fleas, however Ctenocepalides felis most commonly infects cats. Its distribution is worldwide, although they are most prevalent in warmer climates. Fleas are not just a nuisance to the cat and pet owner, they are able to transmit several diseases to cats, this is known as 'vector borne', which refers to any disease transmitted by a blood sucking arthropod (such as a flea or tick).
Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot properly. Normally, when a wound occurs coagulation (or clotting) takes place, which turns the liquid blood into a gel in order to form clot which stops the bleeding.
Medically known as 'polyphagia', there are a number of possible causes of constant hunger in cats, some more serious than others. Cats don't tend to be as food obsessed as dogs and most (but not all) will self regulate their food intake. However a common question asked by cat owners is 'why is my cat hungry all the time'?
Congestive heart failure is a life threatening disorder which occurs when the heart doesn't pump blood as efficiently as it should. This causes fluid to back up in the lungs and abdomen, while other organs don't receive enough blood in order to function properly.