Medically known as thrombocytopenia, low platelets (PLT) is a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Normal platelet levels should be around 200,000 µL (microlitre).
Also known as rabbit fever, tularemia is a rare bacterial infection caused by Francisella tularensis. It is of particular significance due to it being a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be passed on to humans and its potential to be used as a biological weapon.
Also known as bobcat fever, cytauxzoonosis is a serious and often fatal parasitic infection caused by the protazoal organism Cytauzoon felis. Its natural host is the bobcat (Lynx rufus), who harbour the parasite with mild or subclinical effects. Ticks are responsible for transmitting infection to domesticated cats.
Ticks are small ectoparasites, meaning they live on the outside of their host, and are members of the arachnid family (spiders and mites are also members of this family). There are over 800 species of tick and their distribution is worldwide. Australia has around 70 species of tick. There are several diseases cats can pick up from tick bites which we will cover below.
Allergic rhinitis is an allergic reaction affecting mostly the nose. Hay fever is a type of allergic rhinitis, as the name would suggest, it is most often associated with allergies to pollens. There are four types of allergies to affect cats.
The palate is the roof of the mouth which separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity. It consists of the hard palate, which is the bony hard part of the front part of the upper mouth and the soft palate is soft, fleshy part towards the back of the mouth. Also known as congenital oronasal fistula or palatoschisis, a cleft palate (CP) is a congenital (present at birth) or acquired condition characterised by a split or hole in the palate.
Also known as osteogenic sarcoma, osteosarcoma (OSA) is an extremely aggressive and destructive type of primary cancer which develops in the bones and is the most common type of bone cancer found in cats, accounting for approximately 70% of bone tumours.
Affectionately referred to as 'tripod cats', leg amputation is surgical removal of the limb. Cats are such agile creatures, it is hard to imagine how a cat could possibly cope on three legs, but they manage easier than we often give them credit for.
Just as with people, some times a blood transfusion is necessary to save a cat's life. This may be whole blood (containing all four components of the blood) or blood components (plasma, platelets etc).
Cats are curious little creatures but sometimes that curiosity can result in injury. The most common type of electrical injury to occur in cats is from chewing electrical cords.