Another common question we are asked on Cat-World is if it is possible to turn a cat used to going outdoors into an indoor cat only. The answer is yes, many cat owners have successfully turned their indoor/outdoor cat into an indoor cat. Below we give tips on how to do this.
Start as you plan to continue:
If you have just adopted a cat, then don't let him out in the first place. It is easier to have an indoor cat who has never been outside than converting an outside/inside cat to inside only. I have found that once they get a taste of the outdoors, they want more. Of course, it is possible to train them to accept indoors only, but it's easier when they're not used to those "freedoms" in the first place.
This is the most important thing you can do. If your cat is used to going outdoors it is going to take some time and patience to convert him into being an indoor cat. It is highly likely that he is going to protest, lots. Stand firm. Accept that there is going to be a transition period.
He is very likely going to try to escape. A great trick I saw on My Cat From Hell by Jackson Galaxy, is to place a cat scratch tree by the door your cat most commonly tries to ambush you from. Sit a container of cat treats by the post. When it's time for you to leave the house, place two or three treats on the top of the tree to distract your cat while you make a swift exit.
Build a cat enclosure:
If space permits, building a cat enclosure can help to give your cat the best of both worlds. He gets to enjoy the outdoors without the risks associated with free roaming. Cat enclosures come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, they can be home made or a commercially built one. This really is the best compromise you can make for your cat.
For those renting, many companies supply portable cat enclosures which can be taken down if you should ever move. Obviously, permission will need to be sought from your real estate/landlord.
Plenty of play:
Play is vital to all cats, but even more so for indoor only cats. They will need to burn off lots of energy and playing also serves to stimulate him mentally too.
Many cats are adaptable to being trained to walk on a leash. They can then go outside with you on walks without the risks of being out there on their own. It is preferable to introduce your cat to the concept of walking on a leash from a young age, but even adult cats can often be trained. This will take time and patience. Not all cats will happily accept a leash, but it's worth a try.
I'm not suggesting you move house, but if it is on the cards already then it is a perfect time to transition your cat from outdoor/indoor to indoor only. New home environment, new territory will all work in your favour. We successfully turned several outdoor cats into indoor cats when we moved house. Then eventually provided them with a cat enclosure once we had settled in.
If you live in cold climate, wait until autumn/winter to change your cat to indoors only. He's less likely to want to venture outside when the weather is inclement and has a few months to transition.
Scratching posts and cat trees:
These serve two purposes. They let your cat scratch his claws (obviously), and stretch his muscles, but also give your cat something to climb and perch up high. Placing it by a window is recommended so he can watch the world go by. The bigger the better as far as your cat is concerned.
Bring the outdoors in:
If you have one cat, consider getting a second, so he has somebody to play with, sleep with, hang out with.