Acute metritis is an inflammation of the lining of the uterus after a queen has given birth, which causes systemic illness. The most common cause is a bacterial infection, due to retained placentas or kittens, contamination of the birth canal during delivery (unsterile fingers or instruments), prolonged labour or unsanitary conditions during delivery. Left untreated, septicemia (bacterial infection of the blood) or toxemia can occur.
It is always prudent to have your veterinarian perform a complete physical check of your cat within a day or so of her giving birth to check for possible problems and a good idea to watch for fever in the queen after delivery.
Symptoms usually occur between 12 – 96 hours following birth. Acute metritis is a life-threatening medical condition and veterinary attention must be sought if you notice any of the following symptoms: