Birman Cat Breed Profile – Care, Appearance & Temperament

Birman cat history   Birman appearance   Birman personality   Birman care   Birman health   Birman lifespan

Birmans at a glance

  • Origins: Myanmar (formerly Burma)
  • Lifespan: 12-15 years
  • Eyes: Blue
  • Energy: Medium
  • Temperament: Intelligent, sweet-natured, gentle
  • Weight: Males 5-6 kg (11 – 13.2 lbs), females 4-5 kg (8.8 – 11 lbs)
  • Colours: Seal, blue, chocolate, lilac are the traditional colours, other colours vary depending on the cat council
  • Coat: Medium
  • Grooming: 1-2 times a week

Birman cat history:

Birman kittens

Image claudiabirmans, Flickr

Also known as the Sacred Cat of Burma, the Birman cat is an ancient breed of cat. With a striking pale coat and dark points and stunning blue eyes, the breed really is one of beauty.

The actual background of the breed is not known however there are many legends as to the breed’s origins. The most famous of which is that there was a colony of yellow-eyed, white cats living in a Burmese monastery as the guardians of the Temple of Lao Tsun. The golden goddess of the temple Tsun-Kyan-Kse was said to have deep blue eyes. Every night the head priest Mun-Ha would kneel and pray in front of the goddess, a cat by the name of Sinh by his side. One night the temple was taken over by Siamese invaders and the priest killed.  Sinh stood guard over the body with his front paws on Mun-Ha’s head. It is said his fur took on a golden colour, and his eyes turned blue. The cat’s paws, which had touched the priest’s head remained white, as a symbol of purity.

The reality is that there likely was a colony of cats and Siamese invaders likely did come along, but these were the feline variety who bred with the local cats, producing pointed offspring.

Arrival in Europe

A pregnant female by the name of Sita arrived in France in 1919. We don’t know much about how she got to France, more legends surround this story too, but that’s for another day. The arrival of the Birman in France was the beginning of the breed becoming established in Europe.

The first Birman arrived in the USA in 1959 and was registered in 1967.

Birman cat appearance:

Birman cat

The Birman is a moderate-sized cat who is well proportioned. It does not reach full maturity until around 3 years of age. The tail is of medium length, the legs medium, with round paws and white gloves which are characteristic of the breed.

The head is round with full cheeks and a Roman nose. The ears are set high on the head, at a slight angle. The eyes should be a deep blue and oval in shape.

The coat is medium in length and extremely dense, it has a silky texture which makes it less likely to get matted.

Birmans come in a number of colours including the traditional four pointed colours; seal, blue, lilac and chocolate as well as red, cream, tortie, in addition to these colours, the Birman also can come with tabby (lynx) points
in the above colours.

The paws are white due to the white gloving gene which is unique to the breed and is different to the white spotting gene which is responsible for the white feet on the mitted Ragdoll.

Birman cat personality:

Birman cat

Image Jan Faborsky, Flickr

A sweet natured cat, the Birman is intelligent, affectionate, gentle, and tolerant. They remain playful into old age.

Birmans enjoy company and if you are out for long stretches of time it is recommended you get him a companion, be it feline or canine. They can have a tendency to form a close bond with one particular family member.

Birmans are a quiet breed of cat, laid back, and not in your face like some breeds of cat. They are well suited to single people, families, and retirees and they get on well with other pets.

Birman cat care:

Birman cat

Image Corinne Benavides, Flickr

The semi-longhair coat requires regular grooming to remove loose hairs, once or twice a week should be enough.

Birman cats should be indoor only, preferably with access to a safe enclosure.

All cats need require regular dental care which may be with a cat toothbrush and toothpaste or feeding raw chunks of steak and raw chicken necks.

Birman cat health:

The Birman cat is a healthy breed of cat with no real health issues.


12-14 years.

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