A sudden and uncontrolled burst of electrical activity within the brain which may be the result of trauma, poisoning, tumour, brain infections, abnormal migration of heartworm and bleeding into the brain.
Many possible causes of poisoning. Medication, toxic plants or other substances. One of the most common causes of twitching in cats is due to the inappropriate administration of flea treatments which are for use in dogs. These products contain pyrethrin or permethrin, both of which are toxic to cats and must never be used due to their toxicity in cats.
Homemade diets which consist of large amounts of fish or cooked meat, which destroys vitamin V1.
Hypomagnesemia (magnesium deficiency).
Twitching in the sleep is of no concern at all, but if you notice your cat twitching for no apparent reason, especially if accompanied by other symptoms, he should be seen by a veterinarian to determine the cause.
Your veterinarian will perform a physical examination of your cat and obtain a medical history. He will check for other symptoms which may give a clue as to what is causing the twitching. The location of the twitching may give a clue as to the cause, is it the ears, tail, face/whiskers or all over the body? What other symptoms (if any) your cat displaying? All of these answers can give your vet clues as to the possible cause.
Baseline tests will be necessary including complete blood count, biochemical profile and urinalysis. Additional tests may be required depending on your veterinarian’s index of suspicion.
Fortunately, most cases of twitching in cats are harmless and no treatment is necessary with benign muscle twitching.
Where treatment is necessary, it may include the following:
Correction of mineral or vitamin deficiencies with intravenous fluids or supplementation.
Chronic kidney disease can’t be cured but its progression can be slowed down by dietary changes, such as a prescription diet, encouraging fluid intake, phosphorous binders, anti-nausea medications and in some cases erythropoietin. Regular veterinary monitoring will be necessary.
Anti-seizure medications such as phenobarbital or Valium.
Gastric decontamination by induction of vomiting or stomach pump and activated charcoal to bind to ingested toxins.
Treat ear mites with anti-parasitic medication to kill the mites and remove the exudate from the ears. Antibiotics may be necessary to treat secondary infections, which are common.
Sadly rabies is untreatable and euthanasia is the only outcome.
Find and treat the cause of pruritus as well as administer corticosteroids and/or antihistamines to relieve itchiness. Antibiotics will be necessary if the cat has an infection.
Emergency care-Bathe the cat two to three times using dishwashing detergent and warm water. Apply directly to the area, wash, rinse and re-apply, rinse off. Take your cat to an emergency veterinarian for further treatment.
Supportive care to control symptoms, this may include muscle relaxants such as methocarbamol, anti-seizure medications, and fluid therapy.
Thiamine injections and feed the cat a nutritionally balanced diet.